RTE Act All Information Explained About RTE Act 2009 - Technology News Arvaj

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Saturday, January 4, 2020

RTE Act All Information Explained About RTE Act 2009


"Abode of literacy in every house, only then will the development of the country" The greatest strength of any developed or developing country is the youth and children of that country. In the true sense, children are the biggest strength of the country's economy because only children grow up to become young and advance the country through their knowledge. If he is deprived of education in childhood or is unable to earn the right education, then you can imagine what the future of that country will be like.

India has been a world guru since ancient times. The void was discovered by the great mathematician of our country, Aryabhata. India has been the birth giver of world-renowned educational institutions like Taxila and Nalanda. But foreign invaders burned our libraries, destroyed Gurukuls. As a result, our standard of education fell and continued to decline even after independence.

Many children were deprived of education and the literacy rate was very low. In order to improve the same and all the children can get an education, the RTE Act has been passed by the Government of India. Today through this post we will tell you What is RTE Act? And when did the RTE Act come into force? Will provide complete information about What is RTE Act.
RTE Act


What is Right To Education Act

The Right to Free and Compulsory Child Education Act 2009 is one of the 6 fundamental rights provided to the citizens by the Government of India, a provision implemented under the Right to Culture and Education. In simple words, the Right to Education Act is an Indian law, which came into force from 1 April 2010. Article 21A of the Indian Constitution is called the RTE Act. According to this act, children between 6-14 years of age have a legal right to free and compulsory education.

RTE Act Full Form:

RTE Act full form of the Act is the Right to Education Act. It is also known as Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act / Right to Free and Compulsory Child Education Act 2009.

When Did the RTE Act Come into Force?

The RTE Act was passed by the Indian Parliament on 4 August 2009 and came into effect from 1 April 2010.

Right To Education Act In India

The Indian Constitution is the most flexible and comprehensive constitution in the world. After the implementation of the Right to Education Act, India has also joined the list of 135 countries. Where there is a provision of compulsory and free education for children.

Right To Education Act Key Points

Aims and Objectives of Right to Education Act 2009 is as follows:

Under the Provisions of the RTE Act 2009, free education will be provided to all children aged 6-14.
Private schools will have to provide free education to 25% of the poor children aged 6-14 years and failing to do so may result in the penalty of 10 times more than the fees recovered and can also cancel school recognition.

  • Even after the cancellation of the recognition, there is a provision of one lakh rupees for running the school and after that, a penalty of ten thousand rupees daily.
  • The Right to Education Act 2009 is a special feature in which the age of free education for children with disabilities has been increased from 14 to 18 years.
  • It will be the responsibility of the Center and the state to provide free education to children.
  • Many schools demand per capita fees at the time of admission and parents of children have to be interviewed. Under this act, it has been said to change the process of admission.
  • According to this act, a fine of Rs 25,000 will be charged for screening children and interviewing parents and Rs 50,000 for repeat.
  • According to the RTE Act, teachers cannot afford tuition.
  • Children who have not been admitted by this act, they can get admission according to their age group.
  • Standards and differences between the ratio of students and teachers, school buildings, teachers' working hours and school working days etc. have been made by this act.
  • The RTE Act prevents physical and mental harassment on students.
  • The Child Education and Child Centric Education System has been introduced by the Right to Education Act.
  • This act is designed to promote the child's overall development, knowledge, ability and talent and to free the child from fear, trauma and anxiety.


Right to Education Act 2009 Role and Responsibilities of Teachers

Provisions have also been given for the role of Shikhar in the Right to Education Act 2009:

  • According to this provision, it has been ensured that instead of the average number of teachers in each state, district or block, there is a fixed ratio between the number of students and teachers.
  • This provision ensures an equal number of posting of teachers in both urban and rural areas.
  • This provision ensures the role of teachers in the census, assembly and Lok Sabha elections, disaster management, etc. along with the ban on the deployment of teachers in non-academic works.
  • The RTE Act ensures the appointment of appropriately trained and qualified educational teachers.


Criticism of Right to Education

Some of the major criticisms or shortcomings of the Right to Education Act are written below:

  • Equal education is more important than free and compulsory education. The government should have announced that, every child in the country would go to the same school and the same curriculum would be taught in all schools.
  • In this bill, there are no mention about 17 crore children up to the age of six years.
  • The bill does not mention the budget provision for free education.
  • Admission without any document is mentioned by this act. But in some states, the rules already being followed are being followed. In which documents like BPL card, birth certificate, caste certificate, etc. are submitted only after submission. Many orphan children are deprived of education due to these rules.
  • The Act violates the constitutional right of private managers to "run their institutions without any government intervention".


Teachers Qualification for RTE Act 2009

Teachers Eligibility Test is conducted for teachers under RTE Act, for which the minimum qualification is shown below:

Primary Stage Class 1-5

Senior Secondary with a minimum of 50% marks and D.El.Ed.
or
Senior Secondary with a minimum of 50% marks and B.El.Ed.
or
Senior Secondary with a minimum of 50% marks and D.Ed.
or
Graduation and D.El.Ed.

Elementary Stage Class 6-8

Graduation and D.El.Ed.
or
Graduation with minimum 50% marks and B.Ed.
or
Senior Secondary with a minimum of 50% marks and B.El.Ed.
or
Senior Secondary with a minimum of 50% marks and B.A. Ed. / B.Sc. Ed.

RTE Act 2019

The Right to Free and Compulsory Child Education (Amendment) Act 2019 was passed in the Indian Parliament on 3 January 2019. Some of the major points of amendment in the RTE Act 2019 are shown below:

  • This new bill has been amended to end the policy of no detention in schools, as per the current provision no student can be failed till 8th grade.
  • If a child fails in class 5th or 8th, according to this a new bill, that child will be given an opportunity to re-test within two months.
  • Special education will be provided for two months for better performance of the failed children.
  • If the child is not able to pass the examination again, then that child can be failed.


Conclusion:

Today we have provided almost all the information related to the Right to Education Act 2009. If you want to get admission to a child under the RTE Act then you can get admission to any school. RTE Act in CBSE schools, State Board School, etc. provides legal right to get an education on all boards. Apart from this, if you are preparing for any competitive exam then this information is very important for you.

If you have any questions related to the RTE Act, then you can ask us in the comment. We will definitely answer your questions. Friends, if you liked this post, then like it and share it with your friends and also inform them about the RTC Act.

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